Horizontal Expansion of Short Duration HYV of Garden Pea
In Champhai District, Mizoram
Farmers of Ruantlang village, Champhai, Mizoram have been cultivating old local varieties of Peas generally buying from the Grocery shop which are low yielding, tall stature, and sensitive to Powdery mildew and long duration (120 days maturity). These characteristics of old varieties do not attract the farmers for commercial cultivation and moreover, it was not profitable. Peas are generally sown during the second week of October and harvested during the last week of January. The main reason for the introduction of Azad Pea-3 is to increase garden pea production as well as cropping intensity and farmers’ income.
The KVK, Champhai introduced Azad Pea-3 through OFT and FLD in the district with an aim to popularize double cropping by utilizing the residual moisture of soil after harvesting maize, bean, soybean, and rice. KVK conducted several training on the scientific cultivation of Garden Pea at different locations after that we provided good quality seeds to the farmers for timely and line sowing.
With the adoption of short duration HYV of Garden Pea (var. Azad Pea-3), the average productivity recorded was 2.35 t/ha with a net return of Rs. 57,800/- per ha compared to local variety yielding 1.56 t/ha with a net return of Rs. 29,920/-.
Initially, 9 farmers adopted the intervention of cultivation of short-duration HYV Garden Pea (var. Azad Pea-3), during the year 2016-17. Recently, 102 farmers from Vengsang, Tlangsang, Zotlang, Ruantlang, Mualkawi, Khawzawl, and Champhai villages covered 51 hectares of land. The average productivity of the variety was 2.4 t/ha with a net return of Rs 58,000.
The extent of adoption in the village in ha
Garden Pea (var. Azad Pea-3)
Number of Village covered